U.S. Senate, 1923 Election

Special Primary Republican

Date: June 18, 1923
Cycle: 1923
Office: U.S. Senate
State: Minnesota
District: Statewide
Candidate Gender Party Votes Percent Margin
Jacob A.O. (J.A.O.) Preus Man Republican 57,919 33.64 +14.78
Oscar Hallam Man Republican 32,482 18.87
Thomas D. Schall Man Republican 29,713 17.26
Sydney Anderson Man Republican 17,526 10.18
Victor L. Power Man Republican 15,384 8.94
Joseph Alfred Arner (J.A.A.) Burnquist Man Republican 8,381 4.87
Ernest Lundeen Man Republican 5,851 3.40
Halvor Steenerson Man Republican 4,032 2.34
John J. Martin Man Republican 861 0.50

Special primary election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Republican U.S. Senate Knute Nelson on April 28, 1923.

Preus was an attorney from Minneapolis, former state Insurance Commissioner (1911-1915), former state Auditor (1915-1921), and sitting Governor (1921-1925).

Hallam was an attorney from St. Paul, former Second Judicial District Judge, and former Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1913-1923). Hallam was also a Republican candidate for U.S. Senate in 1924.

Schall was an attorney from Excelsior and Progressive-turned-Republican U.S. Representative (CD 10, 1915-1925).

Anderson was an attorney from Lanesboro and U.S. Representative (CD 01, 1911-1925).

Power was an attorney and the Mayor of Hibbing (1913-1922, 1923-1924).

Burnquist was a resident of St. Paul, former state Representative (HD 33, 1909-1913), Lieutenant Governor (1913-1915), and Governor (1915-1921).

Lundeen was an attorney from Minneapolis, former state Representative (HD 42, 1911-1915), former U.S. Representative (CD 05, 1917-1919), and candidate for U.S. Senate in 1922. Lundeen ran for the U.S. House multiple times and would later serve two more terms as a Farmer-Laborite (AL, 1933-1935; CD 03, 1935-1937) before getting elected to the U.S. Senate (1937-1940). He was also a candidate for Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 1924.

Steenerson was a resident of Crookson, former Polk County prosecuting attorney (1881-1883), former city attorney of Crookson, former state Senator (SD 45, 1883-1887), and former U.S. Representative (CD 09, 1903-1923).

Martin was an attorney from Minneapolis.


  • Report of State Canvassing Board Special Senatorial Primary Election, June 18th, 1923.